How Plato invented definitions

16 August, 2023

The ideas are perfect, but the ideal state is not. The episode on Plato! You will learn why there is no totalitarianism in the "State", how the immortality of the soul is connected with the knowledge of ideas and that the political crisis of Athens is hidden behind the world of ideas.


Dmitry Bugai, Professor, Doctor of Philology, Faculty of Philosophy, Moscow State University
Alexandra Ilyina, Faculty of Philosophy, Moscow State University

Moderator — Anton Kuznetsov, Ph.D., research associate at the Center for Consciousness Studies at the Faculty of Philosophy of Moscow State University


00:00 - Introduction
02:35 - The world of ideas without "ideas" and the lack of unity of terminology in Plato
08:35 - Plato's anti-empiricism and the political crisis of Athens
11:48 - Why Plato did not break with the knowledge of empirical reality
19:13 - Dumbfounded before the dialogue "Timaeus" and Tolkien's Numenor
22:13 - The emergence of the practice of definitions begins with Plato
27:26 - Against the sophists
28:26 - Plato is a rationalist. Not a mystic
32:23 - The cynical atmosphere of Athens' elites and Plato's thoughtful nihilism
36:35 - The mysticism of the Neoplatonists
39:12 - Cognition is remembering. Immortality of the soul as a condition of knowledge 
44:27 - Plato's argumentative crutches and the best explanation
48:15 - The dialogue "The State" as a reaction to the crisis of Greek policies 
54:40 - The state is an illustration of the structure of the soul. The absence of totalitarianism
58:08 - Greek colonization and the "State" dialogue
01:01:00 - Why did Plato go to the Sicilian tyrant Dionysius?
01:03:55 - What to read first from Plato 
01:04:14 - Contest!
01:05:05 - Summary from Mary

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